SPECIES

STATUS

RANGE

REASONS FOR DECLINE

Ass, African wild  (Equus asinus)

CR

Somalia, Sudan, Ethiopia

Habitat destruction, poaching, interbreeding with domestic donkeys

Bat, Indiana (Myotis sodalis)

EN

Eastern and Midwestern U.S.

Habitat destruction (commercialization of caves)

Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus)

VU

Africa to India

Habitat destruction, fur trade

Deer, Key (Odocoileus virginianus)

EN

Southern Florida

Habitat destruction (development), road kills

Hunting (for food and hide)

Dugong (Dugong dugon)

VU

Western Pacific, Indian Ocean

Elephant, Asian (Elephas maximus)

EN

South central and southeast Asia

Habitat destruction (agricultural development)

Ferret, Black-footed (Mustela nigripes)

EW

Known only in captivity

Poisoning of food source

Gazelle, Mountain (Gazella gazella)

LR

Arabian peninsula, Egypt, Israel, Syria, Jordan

Poaching

Gibbon, Silvery (Hylobates molock)

CR

Indonesia

Habitat destruction

Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla)

EN

Central and western Africa

Habitat destruction, collection of young, poaching

Leopard, Snow (Uncia uncia)

EN

Central Asia

Overhunting for its fur

Lion, Asiatic (Panthera leo persica)

EN

India

Habitat destruction, overhunting for sport

Mouse, Salt marsh harvest (Reithrodontomys raviventris)

VU

California

Drainage and filling of salt marshes

Orangutang (Pongo pygmaeus)

VU

Borneo, Sumatra

Habitat destruction, overcollection of young for zoos

Panda, Giant (Ailoropoda melanoleuca)

EN

China

Restricted habitat

Prairie Dog, Utah (Cynomys parvidens)

LR

Western U.S.

Habitat destruction, poisoning

Rhinoceros, Black (Diceros bicornis)

CR

South of Sahara in Africa

Habitat destruction, overhunting for horn

Rhinoceros, White (Cerototherium simum)

LR

Central and eastern Africa

Poaching for horn

Tiger (Panthera tigris)

EN

Temperate and tropical Asia

Habitat destruction, hunting for sport

Whale, Blue (Balaenoptera musculus)

EN

Oceans

Commercial hunting

Whale, Fin (Balaenoptera physalus)

EN

Oceans

Commercial hunting

Wolf, Red (Canis rufus)

CR

Southeastern U.S. to central Texas

Habitat destruction, hunting, trapping, and poisoning

Extinct (EX): No reasonable doubt that the last individual of the species has died.

Extinct in the Wild (EW): Species only survives in cultivation, captivity, or as a naturalized population well outside of its native range.

Critically Endangered (CR): Species faces extremely high risk of extinction in the wild in the immediate future.

Endangered (EN): Species faces very high risk of extinction in the wild in the near future.

Vulnerable (VU): Species faces high risk of extinction in the wild in the medium-term future.

Lower Risk (LR): Species does not satisfy criteria for above categories, but may be near threatened or dependent on conservation activities for survival.

Source:  1996 World Conservation Union (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species

[1]

[1]"Endangered Animals," Microsoft¨ Encarta¨ 98 Encyclopedia. © 1993-1997 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.